Careers in Agriculture

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Get Your Money Where Your Mouth Is

Thinking about a career in agriculture? No? You should be! Consider this: nearly every industry is connected to the field of agriculture. How, you may ask, is automobile manufacturing related to agriculture? Actually, in many ways, but one obvious example is what you sit on in the car. Your seat is probably made from either cloth or leather which are both derivatives of the agricultural industry. You may now be thinking, “Yes, but what about the computer I’m reading this on – the technology industry certainly couldn’t be related in anyway to agriculture”. Ever heard of soy ink? That’s right, more and more manufactures are using environmentally friendly ink derived from soybeans in their printer cartridges. And, of course, the paper on which it is printing is also an important product from the agricultural field. Agriculture is everywhere! That’s why you should take some time to investigate the countless exciting career opportunities that the agricultural industry has to offer.

When you think of a career in agriculture, what’s the first thing that pops into your head –a picture of an old farmer in overalls riding a tractor out to the fields to plough or perhaps pitchforking hay in front of a big red barn? Well, think again. Today, farming is high tech, big business, and most careers in agriculture are actually either business or science related. Only a small percentage of those employed within the agricultural industry are employed in “traditional” farming occupations. To be specific, out of the 22 million people who directly work within the agricultural industry only 2 million are actively involved in “farming” on a daily basis (Bureau of Labor Statistics). The vast majority work as either food/agricultural scientists or in business related careers, such as marketing and merchandising.

A career in the science side of agriculture may be for you if you enjoy doing experiments and analyzing the results. Agricultural scientists study farm crops and animals, in an effort to improve both production methods and food quality. In their research, agricultural scientists draw from a wide variety of scientific disciplines, such as biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics. In recent years, technology has had an enormous impact on the field. Advances in biotechnology have allowed agricultural scientists to manipulate the genetic make-up of plants and animals, which has created research opportunities in many areas of the agricultural and food sciences.

You will find 4 broad areas of specialization within agricultural science: Food Science, Plant Science, Soil Science and Animal Science. Many food scientists work on developing new and improved ways of preserving, processing, packaging, storing, and delivering food to consumers according to industry and governmental standards and regulations. Others conduct basic research designed to discover new food sources; analyze food content to determine levels of vitamins, fat, sugar, or protein; or search for substitutes for harmful or undesirable additives and preservatives. The information gathered by food science research is then used by food technologists for product development and enhancement.

The second area of specialization is plant science. Plant scientists work in the fields of agronomy (the scientific management of soil and the production of crops), environmental science, plant breeding, and entomology (the study of insects). Some plant scientists conduct research that is used by the food, feed, and fiber industries to increase productivity and yield, while simultaneously maintaining the environment and conserving our natural resources, while others use biotechnology to study ways of improving the nutritional value of crops and the quality of seeds used to grow them. Entomologists are special kinds of plant scientists who examine insects and their relationship to plants. They conduct research to develop new and improved methods and technologies to control or eliminate pests. Some entomologists also study and implement interventions that lower or eliminate the spread of insect-borne disease.

Closely related to plant science is the field of soil science. Soil scientists are concerned with how the composition of soil impacts plant growth, and how various types of soils respond to things such as fertilizers, tillage practices, and crop rotation. Farmers then use this information to maximize land usage and promote plant growth. Since soil science and environmental science are interrelated, soil scientists often work in ecology-related jobs to ensure environmental quality and effective land use. They are also employed in the construction industry, where they work with architects, construction companies, and landscape designers to address soil related problems such as drainage and erosion.

Animal Science is the final specialty area to investigate if you are interested in careers on the science side of agriculture. Animal scientists conduct research designed to improve the production and processing of meats, fish and dairy products. They use biotechnology to study the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domesticated farm animals. Some animal scientists inspect and grade livestock food products, purchase livestock, or work in technical sales or marketing. As extension agents or consultants, animal scientists advise agricultural producers on how to upgrade animal housing facilities properly, lower mortality rates among their animals, handle waste matter properly, or increase the production of animal products, such as milk or eggs.

Don’t get the impression, however, that the agricultural industry is all about scientific research. It has become high-tech science to be sure, but there are careers in the agriculture industry that relate to just about any college major you could take. Nearly half of all those employed in the industry are in business related careers. Agribusiness is big, no, actually, HUGE business. People with a business background are needed and employed as: marketing and merchandising specialists; sales representatives; agricultural economists; accountants; finance managers, and; commodity traders, just to name a few. And that’s still not all. Other career possibilities exist in the areas of communications & education, social services, and agricultural production. And, even though food production often takes center stage, don’t forget, as we mentioned earlier, that textiles and fibers also makeup a large portion of the agricultural industry.

As you can see, an exciting world of opportunity awaits you in the agriculture industry. According to the most recent projections by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the job outlook through 2012 for all these types of agriculture related positions is very favorable. So, do yourself a favor, as you are thinking about your college major and future career, don’t forget to consider the field of agriculture, because it is truly a “field of plenty”.


Posted on Leave a comment on EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA

About Higher Education in India

India has one of the largest Higher Education system in the world. There are a large number of Indian as well as foreign students who a pply every year to Indian universities and colleges. For all those who wish to study in India, it is very important to get prior and correct information about the courses that you would like to undertake, the university you want to apply to and how to go about the application procedure. For an international student, it is also important to know the accommodation facilities, weather conditions, food habits and cost of living in the city in which he or she intends to study.

Central Government is responsible for major policy relating to higher education in the country. It provides grants to UGC and establishes central universities in the country. The Central Government is also responsible for declaration of Education Institutions as ‘Deemed to be University’ on the recommendation of the UGC.

State Governments are responsible for establishment of State Universities and colleges, and provide plan grants for their development and non-plan grants for their maintenance.

The coordination and cooperation between the Union and the States is brought about in the field of education through the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE).

Special Constitutional responsibility of the Central Government: Education is on the ‘Concurrent list’ subject to Entry 66 in the Union List of the Constitution. This gives exclusive Legislative Power to the Central Govt. for co-ordination and determination of standards in Institutions of higher education or research and scientific and technical institutions.

University Grants Commission (UGC) is responsible for coordination, determination and maintenance of standards, release of grants.

Professional councils are responsible for recognition of courses, promotion of professional institutions and providing grants to undergraduate programmes and various awards. The statutory professional councils are:
• All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE)
• Medical Council of India (MCI)
• Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR)
• National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
• Dental Council of India (DCI)
• Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)
• Indian Nursing Council (INC)
• Bar Council of India (BCI)
• Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH)
• Central Council for Indian Medicine (CCIM)
• Council of Architecture
• Distance Education Council
• Rehabilitation Council

Advantages of Studying in India

India is fast becoming a major economic power in the world today. And if its growth trend continues for some more years, it would soon be playing a major role in the world economy along with China. This itself has been a major cause of attraction for many international students. Moreover, India’s successful stint with democracy has also been a major magnetic force for scholars around the world. However, apart from knowing India well, there are some other advantages that are attracting students to study in India. Some of these are –

Low Cost:
The cost of education in India is quite low as compared to many other countries of the world.

Quality Education:
Government of India established statutory bodies to ensure quality of education in India. There are some educational institutes in India that provide world class education. Indian institute of technology, Indian institutes of management, Indian Institutes of Science, National Law Schools, Jawaharlal Nehru University and Delhi University are some such Institutes. The government of India is also speeding up the efforts to establish more such institutes that can offer quality education in India.

Consultation Service:
The government of India provides consultation service to the interested international students through Education Consultants of India (Ed.CIL). Thus one can get all the information about the Indian education system, cost of education, duration, visa, accommodation facilities even before landing up in India.

Unique Courses:
Apart from above mentioned advantages, one can also study some unique courses that were discovered and developed by the traditional knowledge system of India. Ayurveda, Sankrit, Yoga, Hindi are some such courses that enthuse many international sudents.

Structure of higher education in India

In the Indian system, higher education includes the education imparted after the 10+2 stage – ten years of primary and secondary education followed by two years of higher secondary education. The first degree, the Bachelor’s degrees, is obtained after three years study in the case of liberal arts, and four years in the case of most professional degrees (four and half in case of medicine and five/six years in case of law}. The Master’s program is usually of two years duration. The research degrees (M.Phil and Ph.D) take variable time depending upon the individual student.

The postgraduate degree programs involve 2 years of study after first degree. These include M.Tech, MD, MS and MDS programs that take 2 years after B.Tech and MBBS/BDS respectively.

The M.Phil. program, is of one and-half year duration. It is a preparatory program for doctoral level studies. PhD program is research study for 2 years and can take several years while D.Sc. and D.Litt. are awarded by some universities after PhD for original contributions.

In addition to the degree programs, a number of diploma and certificate programs are also available in universities. Their range is wide and they cover anything from poetics to computers. Some of them are undergraduate diploma programs and others postgraduate programs. The duration varies from one year to three years.

Universities, deemed universities and institutions of national importance are largely autonomous institutions entitled by law to design, develop and offer programs which they consider relevant and appropriate for the national needs. Colleges and other institutes in turn, are expected to be regulated by the Universities with which they are affiliated or associated. Given the wide reach and variety of institutions and programs of higher education, a number of professional, regulatory bodies and councils have been established to ensure proper development of higher education in the country in a coordinated manner.

Technical Education Overview

Technical Education plays a vital role in human resource development of the country by creating skilled manpower, enhancing industrial productivity and improving the quality of life. Technical Education covers courses and programmes in engineering, technology, management, architecture, town planning, pharmacy and applied arts & crafts, hotel management and catering technology.

The technical education system in the country can be broadly classified into three categories – Central Government funded institutions, State Government/State-funded institutions & Self-financed institutions. The 65 Centrally funded institution of technical and science education are as under:
• IITs – 15
• IIMs – 7
• IISc, Bangalore – 1
• IISERs – 5
• NITs – 20
• IIITs – 4
• NITTTRs – 4
• Total – 65

Besides the above, there are four Boards of Apprenticeship Training (BOATs).

The Central Government is also implementing the following schemes/programmes: –

(i) Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP) assisted by the World Bank.

(ii) Indian National Digital Library for Science & Technology (INDEST).

There is one Public Sector Undertaking, namely, Educational Consultants India Ltd. (Ed.CIL) under the Ministry. There are also Apex Councils, namely the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and Council of Architecture (COA).

Living in India

Living in India is very inexpensive. Most international students have a very comfortable and safe living experience for as low as US $ 150 per month. Like in any society, India offeres many cost options. There are 7 star, deluxe, newly built condominium complexes that cost a bundle and then there are safe, decent apartments in better neighbourhoods that rent for a reasonable amount. You can choose your option depending on your budget and your desired lifestyle.

Many of the colleges have a hostel or dormitory facility for their students. Most of these hostels are intended for Indian students who are on a budget and looking for economical housing. While they offer safe and comfortable living quarters, they may impose several restrictions on the lifestyles that some international students may be accustomed to. This option is recommended for those international students on a budget, and who are willing to sacrifice a bit on their lifestyle.

Students have the option of renting housing on their own. Students can rent an apartment on their own or share an apartment with other students.

Climate of India

The climate of India defies easy generalisation, comprising a wide range of weather conditions across a large geographic scale and varied topography.

India’s unique geography and geology strongly influence its climate; this is particularly true of the Himalayas in the north and the Thar Desert in the northwest. The Himalayas act as a barrier to the frigid katabatic winds flowing down from Central Asia. Thus, North India is kept warm or only mildly cold during winter; in summer, the same phenomenon makes India relatively hot. Although the Tropic of Cancer—the boundary between the tropics and subtropics—passes through the middle of India, the whole country is considered to be tropical.

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four official seasons

Winter, occurring from December to early April. The year’s coldest months are December and January, when temperatures average around 10–15 °C (50–59 °F) in the northwest; temperatures rise as one proceeds towards the equator, peaking around 20–25 °C (68–77 °F) in mainland India’s southeast.

Summer or pre-monsoon season, lasting from April to June (April to July in northwestern India). In western and southern regions, the hottest month is April; for northern regions, May is the hottest month. Temperatures average around 32–40 °C (90–104 °F) in most of the interior.

Monsoon or rainy season, lasting from June to September. The season is dominated by the humid southwest summer monsoon, which slowly sweeps across the country beginning in late May or early June. Monsoon rains begin to recede from North India at the beginning of October. South India typically receives more precipitation.

Post-monsoon season, lasting from October to December. In northwestern India, October and November are usually cloudless. Tamilnadu receives most of its annual precipitation in the northeast monsoon season. The Himalayan states, being more temperate, experience an additional two seasons: autumn and spring. Traditionally, Indians note six seasons, each about two months long. These are the spring, summer, monsoon season, early autumn, late autumn, and winter. These are based on the astronomical division of the twelve months into six parts. The ancient Hindu calendar also reflects these seasons in its arrangement of months.

Languages in India

Language being the most important medium of communication and education, their development occupies and important place in the National Policy on Education and Programme of Action. Therefore, promotion and development of Hindi and other 22 languages listed in the schedule VIII of the Constitution including Sanskrit and Urdu on the one hand and English as well as the foreign languages on the other hand have received due attention. In fulfilling the constitutional responsibility, the Department of Higher Education is assisted by autonomous organization and subordinate offices.

Modern India, as per the 1961 Census, has more than 1652 mother tongues, genetically belonging to five different language families. The 1991 Census had 10,400 raw returns of mother tongues and they were rationalized into 1576 mother tongues. They are further rationalized into 216 mother tongues, and grouped under 114 languages: Austro-Asiatic (14 languages, with a total population of 1.13%), Dravidian (17 languages, with a total population of 22.53%), Indo-European (Indo-Aryan, 19 languages, with a total population of 75.28%, and Germanic, 1 language, with a total population of 0.02%), Semito-Harmitic (1 language, with a total population of 0.01%), and Tibeto-Burman (62 languages with a total population of 0.97%).It may be noted that mother tongues having a population of less than 10000 on all India basis or not possible to identify on the basis of available linguistic information have gone under ‘others’.


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Global skills shortage worsens, say recruiters : Curated Content from CIMA

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The need for good finance professionals is growing around the world. By Business Journalist Tim Cooper.

Global demand for accounting professionals is accelerating and adding to a skills shortage, say recruiters. A survey by Robert Half has shown that 50% of chief financial officers in the UK plan to hire staff into new positions over the next six months as demand for qualified accountants keeps rising. In Germany, the figure is 42%, in Hong Kong 49% and in Australia 51% plan to hire into new positions.

In each country, roughly the same number of CFOs again said they plan to recruit to fill vacant positions. This means that in all those countries the vast majority (between 88% and 96%) plan to hire staff in the second half of the year.

Furthermore, in the UK, 92% of CFOs say they are finding it either very or somewhat challenging to find skilled professionals. In Germany that figure is 85%; in Hong Kong it is 95%; and in Australia 94% find it challenging.

To give a flavour of what is happening around the world, here is a summary of the markets in South Africa and the UK and an in-depth analysis of the careers market for management accountants in Japan.

Returning confidence in South Africa

Nic Sephton-Poultney, country manager, South Africa, Robert Walters says the market is buoyant in his country and region. ‘We have been busier than we anticipated through the start of 2015 and seen an increase in volume of roles since last year,’ he says. ‘Businesses can’t afford to do without qualified personnel in the key finance functions.’

Sephton-Poultney says the South Africa economy took a slight hit at the end of last year due to disruptions in the mining sector, which represents a large proportion of the economy. However, a lot of confidence is returning to those areas, he says – again that is because they cannot do without the business-critical positions that CIMA members tend to occupy.

Sectors experiencing high demand in South Africa include fast moving consumer goods (FMCG), technology and pharmaceuticals, says Sephton-Poultney. ‘The most sought after roles are financial controller, financial management with a strong operational focus and management accountant,’ he adds.

‘The bulk of our business is in the three- to five-year qualified area. Organisations want people who can hit the ground running. Industry experience is also important.’

Sephton-Poultney says that this picture of the jobs market is similar across sub-Saharan Africa and mentions that Mozambique is particularly busy.

This positive outlook is supporting salaries across the region. ‘Because it is a professional skill set, people appreciate the value that CIMA members bring,’ he says.

UK building momentum

According to the Robert Half survey, in the UK, more than a third (35%) of CFOs say that higher confidence among employers is driving the market. The economic climate (33%) and higher confidence amongst workers (32%) are also helping to build momentum. The majority of UK finance leaders are expecting to this trend to continue with 90% optimistic about the UK’s economic growth for the forthcoming year.

Businesses are increasing headcount to support: new projects and initiatives (52%), product and service expansions (44%), and domestic business growth or expansion (43%).

Phil Sheridan, Managing Director, Robert Half UK, says: ‘Accounting business partners and professionals with experience in financial analytics and a strong commercial acumen are receiving more multiple offers as the demand for these professionals is higher than supply levels.

‘Recently qualified accountancy professionals with excellent communications skills, strong commercial acumen, and ability to demonstrate the added-value they can bring to an employer are more likely to land a job offer than other candidates.’

Sheridan adds that the need for accountancy professionals to have strong soft skills has grown as the finance department has moved from being a back-office function to a strategic partner of the business.

Jonathan Firth, Managing Director at Michael Page Finance Consultancy, says: ‘The job market for CIMA members is extremely good. There is a dearth of high quality qualified accountants in the market and CIMA is a well-respected qualification. It is a very strong brand and we advise people that it is a very good route to follow.’

A plethora of new and developing businesses is driving the jobs market. ‘New companies are popping up all over the place and they tend to like people who can get their hands dirty,’ says Firth. ‘That plays well for CIMA accountants as they are able to do a much more varied role. They can help commercially and day to day as well. The qualification, along with experience, adapts well to that market.

‘But while we are finding candidates far more attracted by these fast growth companies, it is good to have a multi-national brand on your CV as well. The large company and multi-national market has also been good for the last two years. It will continue as many companies are growing rapidly.’

Demand is high across all industry sectors. ‘For qualified recruitment in the UK we found that every sector had grown at the end of the first quarter this year,’ says Firth. ‘That is unusual and shows that it is a broad-based market.’

This represents a great opportunity for versatile CIMA members – ‘Finance is about qualification, knowledge and the type of person and you can adapt it to markets,’ he adds.

The need for good commercial information and business intelligence continues. ‘That is an extension of what the planning and analysis department have always done,’ says Firth. ‘Companies need analytical knowledge, and planning and budgeting with a more commercial edge.’

Both the full-time and interim markets are flourishing. ‘The interim market is better than it has been for many years,’ says Firth. ‘That comes down to fast but uncertainty growth and a shortage of good quality people. In the UK, the election affected the first quarter because it created uncertainty, but after the election we have seen companies recruiting more aggressively.’

If you are not a member yet, Firth advises that the faster you can qualify the better. ‘If you take six years, that doesn’t show massive drive and ambition,’ he says. ‘Also it is important to work while studying if you can. People who qualify while at college are at a disadvantage in that they don’t have the experience alongside it.’

Increasing confidence

Stewart Robertson, Associate Director, Robert Walters, agrees that the job market for CIMA members is extremely buoyant. ‘Demand for part-qualified studiers and recently-qualified professionals is particularly high,’ he says.

Robertson says there has been a notable increase in confidence and a thirst for high quality management information from businesses across most sectors in the last few months. As a result, he expects demand for CIMA members with credible career records to continue or increase into the second half of 2015.

Provided the economy does not suffer a shock, from the Eurozone for example, then Robertson expects confidence to continue to drive the job market for ACMAs and CGMAs. ‘CIMA members will feel increasingly confident of moving jobs and this will create further opportunities as well as those generated by business growth,’ he says. ‘We have seen particular demand across the FMCG, retail, leisure and business services sectors. Financial analyst and business partnering are the most popular roles.’

Robertson’s advice to jobs candidates is to focus on your achievements on your CV and be clear about how you add value, rather than just listing your job descriptions. ‘For example, it you are a financial analyst or business partner, who do you partner with? How have you added value? What has been your individual contribution?’

Also he recommends making sure that you give yourself enough time to prepare for each interview, check the background of your interviewer and remember to impress them with your communication skills. ‘Having the technical ability to perform a role is meaningless unless you can present and communicate effectively in person,’ concludes Robertson.

Japan in focus

Brandon Poyner and Takahiro Takeuchi, both Managers of Commerce Finance at Robert Walters in Japan, say management accountants are in very high demand. This is because Japanese companies see them as business partners, adding more value to the business than traditional accountants.

Takeuchi says the most popular roles are financial analyst, financial planning and analysis managers, finance and business controllers, and business planning and analysis. In Japan, this is all categorised under ‘management accounting’.

‘Some companies are asking for management accountant candidates for all levels – junior through to director,’ he says. ‘Many financial accounting jobs have been off-shored in the last two years, so this has created more demand for management accountants in Japan. Also companies are trying to expand and so are recruiting management accountants to forecast growth and plan efficiencies.’

Poyner adds: ‘If you’re driving business growth, you need someone to analyse the impact of investment and potential return, drive efficiencies, or improve working capital, treasury and cash management. That is management accounting. For most multi-national companies, that is how the future of finance looks. Finance will also become more involved with other areas of business such as supply chain, marketing, and sales.’

Takeuchi says all industries are looking for management accountants. Large exporters, such as car manufacturers in particular are benefiting from a low yen and automotive suppliers are recruiting all types of management accounting positions. Also medical and pharmaceutical companies want management accountants who can analyse and forecast the effect of new product launches on their business.

Poyner advises that, while a management accounting qualification is important, individuals need to ensure that they get hands-on experience with different types of management accounting and financial analysis such as in calculating net present value (NPV) analysis and Monte Carlo simulations.

‘When you look for jobs, look for responsibilities,’ he says. ‘Make sure you can get involved and be aware of size of the team. Some people just want to work for a big company but with a small or medium-sized company, you might be able to get more experience in different areas. In addition, an opportunity to work with other teams in the company is important.

‘For example, if you’re communicating with the supply chain or sales teams, or reporting to the senior management, this is very important in proving your experience and ability to add value to other parts of the business.’

Takeuchi adds: ‘Because of that clients are looking for people that are more outgoing and sociable, and can communicate with sales people, for example. Finance analysts and management accountants need to report information overseas so communication in both English and Japanese is also important.’

Poyner gives the example of a client who is president of a large US company. This client complains that in his experience management accountants are analytical but lack communication skills. ‘But to progress your career you need both skills, for example, you need to know when to be aggressive and push for things,’ he says. ‘It’s very common in the US to sell yourself and your ideas but some Japanese professionals don’t have these skills.’

Takeuchi adds: ‘That is one reason why living and studying in different countries – and particularly gaining exposure to a Western environment – can be important. You can bring that mentality to Japan and communicate it in English and Japanese.’


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Top 10 Medical Colleges in India 2016- Private

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As per our Ranking, Christian Medical College, Vellore is the best private medical college in India followed by Kasturba Medical College, Manipal and St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore at number 2 and 3 respectively. Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore and Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore are the other two colleges capturing spot among the top 5 medical colleges.


Top Private Medical Colleges in India 2015

Rank Institute Student Quality (100) Research Output (100) Impact (150) Learning (150) Total
1 Christian Medical College, Vellore 90.00 77.96 117.15 87.67 372.78
2 Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 85.00 57.39 64.45 80.19 287.03
3 St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore 80.00 20.02 110.84 74.65 285.51
4 Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore 84.30 11.76 113.24 45.85 255.15
5 Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore 85.00 30.89 61.89 47.62 225.40
6 Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai 75.00 11.26 64.38 59.21 209.85
7 Christian Medical College, Ludhiana 85.75 9.54 68.14 34.10 197.53
8 MS Ramaiah Medical Collge, Bangalore 70.00 15.03 34.78 66.92 186.73
9 Amrita School of Medicine, Kochi 75.00 2.55 46.41 61.20 185.16
10 Kasturba Health Society’s Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram 75.00 11.26 67.13 31.54 184.93
11 Topiwala National Medical College and B Y L. Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai 80.30 4.94 41.23 56.09 182.56
12 KS Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore 72.50 9.70 66.26 32.54 181.00
13 National Institute of Medical Science and Research, Jaipur 75.00 7.32 57.92 34.81 175.05
14 Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana 60.00 12.92 70.34 29.42 172.68
15 Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Pondicherry 50.00 13.70 41.81 52.07 157.58
16 Sri Devaraj URS Medical College, Kolar 65.00 5.38 48.86 37.10 156.34
17 Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum 65.00 3.88 38.58 47.36 154.82
18 Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Pune 70.00 6.10 11.94 63.31 151.35
19 PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Peelamedu 75.00 5.88 33.63 35.74 150.25
20 Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar 65.00 2.66 44.64 37.71 150.01
21 Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, Karad 65.00 6.60 35.15 38.08 144.83
22 Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha 70.00 10.70 19.42 44.60 144.72
23 Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Pondicherry 45.00 11.31 54.79 32.94 144.04
24 KPC Medical College and Hospital, Jadavpur 45.00 4.60 56.49 37.61 143.7
25 Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun 60.00 9.20 39.59 33.66 142.45
26 Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore 60.00 5.82 34.07 40.25 140.14
27 NKP Salve Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre and Lata Mangeshkar Hospital, Nagpur 75.00 3.99 21.84 37.49 138.32
28 Yenepoya University, Mangalore 60.00 5.82 39.35 32.89 138.06
29 Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad 50.00 3.55 35.07 44.19 132.81
30 Maharaja Agrasen Medical College, Agroha 75.00 0.72 43.68 13.25 132.65

AIIMS : All India Institute of Medical Sciences MBBS,MCH Notification

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An Act of Parliament in 1956 established the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) as an autonomous institution of national importance and defined its objectives and functions. By virtue of this Act, the Institute awards its own medical degrees and other academic distinctions. The degrees awarded by the Institute under the All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act are recognized medical qualifications for the purpose of the Indian Medical Council Act and notwithstanding anything contained therein, are deemed to be included in the first schedule of that Act, entitling the holders to the same privileges as those attached to the equivalent awards from the recognized Universities of India.

AIIMS and Objectives

In the field of postgraduate education, the most important function of the Institute is to provide opportunities for training teachers for medical colleges in the country in an atmosphere of research and enquiry. Postgraduate students are exposed to newer methods of teaching and given opportunities to actively participate in teaching exercises. The other important objectives of the Institute are to bring together in one place educational facilities of the highest order for the training of personnel in all the important branches of health activity and to attain self-sufficiency in postgraduate medical education. The educational principles and practices being adopted are those which are best suited to the needs of the nation.


he information on this page is only a part of the prospectus. To download the complete prospectus click here.

Last date for Registration of Online application on AIIMS website


(upto 5:00 pm )



MD / MS / M.Ch (6 YRS ) /DM(6 YRS)/ MDS
Date of uploading of Prospectus & Commencement of online registration of application.


Last date for Registration of Online application


Last date for checking status of application: Accepted & Rejected with reasons.


Last date for submission of required documents for Regularization of Rejected Application.


Last date receiving forwarded & approved applications forms with “No Objection” by the for Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India for Foreign Nationals to apply & appear in the AIIMS PG Entrance Examination July 2016 session.


Finalization of Centres and allotment of Roll Nos. and uploading Admit Cards on website


Entrance Examination through online mode [Computer Based Test]


Expected date of declaration of Result 14.05.2016 Saturday
Tentative date of 1st Counseling


Tentative date of 2nd Counseling


Tentative date of Open Counselling



Eligibility [MD/MS/MCh(6 YRS)/DM (6 YRS)/MDS

The information on this page is only a part of the prospectus. To download the complete prospectus click here.

  • A candidate must possess MBBS degree for MD/MS and BDS degree for MDS courses of a University recognized by the Medical Council of India/Dental Council of India and must have completed the required period of 12 months compulsory rotating Internship/Practical training on or before 30th July, 2016 [As per DCI endorsement No.DE-130-2011/B-4978, dated 13.12.2011, candidature will be as per DCI Revised BDS Course (4th Amendment) Regulation-2011 published in Gazettee notification (Extraordinary) Part-III, Section-4, dated 9.12.2011] Candidates who complete their internship after 30th July, 2016 are not eligible for Registration in this examination.
  • The candidate must have obtained a minimum of the following marks in aggregate in all the MBBS/BDS professional examinations
  • For candidates belonging to the SC/ST Categories 50% marks in aggregate
  • For all other categories including OBC Category 55% marks in aggregate

Method of selection [MD/MS/MDS course and M.Ch (6 YRS) / DM (6 YRS)]

  • Selection will be made entirely on the basis of merit in the entrance examination and the choice of subject will be allocated on the basis of personal counseling.
  • The entrance test for MD/MS/M.Ch(6 YRS)/DM (6 YRS) will consist of one paper of 180 Minutes duration containing 200 multiple choice questions covering all the subjects taught at M.B.B.S. level.
  • The entrance test for MDS, will consist of one paper of 90 minutes duration containing 90 multiple choice questionscovering all the subjects taught at BDS level.
  • There is 1/3 negative marking for every wrong answer in the test.

If any discrepancy in any question is found in the Entrance Examination, the candidate is advised to write to Sub-Dean (Exams), AIIMS, New Delhi – 110608 within 24 hours of examination (email :

Selection of sponsored/foreign national candidates

A combined merit list of the sponsored/foreign national candidates will be made. Seats will be allotted purely on merit on the basis of performance in the Entrance Test. Detailed requirements for Sponsored/Foreign National candidates are given on under the heading “important instructions applicable to all examinations of the prospectus”

Other terms & conditions

A. Minimum cut-off marks

As per the decision of the Academic Committee in its meeting held on 14 September 2013 the minimum cut-off shall be 50th percentile.

B. Institutional Preference for AIIMS Graduates

  • By way of institutional preference the institutional candidates i.e. those who have graduated from All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi shall be preferred for admission against 50% of total MBBS seats of AIIMS of the open general seats without any discipline wise preference, in accordance with the judgment of the Hon’ble Supreme Court and subsequent judgment dated 07-05-2004 of the Supreme Court in Saurabh Chaudhary Vs. Union of India W.P. (C) No. 29 of 2003 and connected matters.
  • Any seat left vacant out of the AIIMS preferential seats or any other reserved seats shall be available to other open general category candidate in order of merit.

Reservation of Seats

  • 49.5% of the total Post-Graduate seats (15% for SC, 7.5% ST and 27% for OBC) excluding those for Sponsored/Foreign National candidates are reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes (Non-creamy layer).
  • Orthopedic Physically Handicapped
  • For MD/MS: (3%): For Indian Nationals 3% reservations for Orthopedic Physically Handicapped shall be provided on horizontal basis, as per their rank in the merit from the seats reserved in the category of Orthopedically Handicapped. Vacant seats, if any, will be filled by the candidates from the general category.

For MDS: No seat: As per 100 point roster, no seat is reserved for OPH candidate for MDS course for the Session July 2016

  • Minimum Cut off Marks for entrance examination : The minimum cut off marks for eligibility for an Orthopedically Physically Handicapped candidate will be as those applicable to others.
  • Other Criteria for Orthopedic Physically Handicapped:

The candidate must possess a valid document certifying his/her physical disability conforming to judgment of Supreme Court of India i.e.:

  • With the approval of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India vide letter no. 18018/2/2009-ME(P-1) dated 17.02.2009 it has been decided that while providing reservation in admission to medical course in the first instance candidates with disability of lower limbs between 50% to 70% shall be considered and in case candidates are not available of such candidates in that category then the candidates with disability of lower limbs between 40% to 50% will also be considered for admission subject to the outcome in the Writ Petition (Civil) 184/2005-Dr.Kumar Sourav Vs. UOI & others pending in the Supreme Court of India.
  • The disability certificate should be issued by a duly constituted and authorized Medical Board of the State or Central Govt. Hospitals/Institutions.
  • The constitution of the Medical Board will be one consultant each from disciplines of Orthopedics, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and Surgery.

D. Determination of Inter se Merit of Candidates obtaining equal marks:

In case of two or more candidates obtaining equal marks in the Entrance Examination, their inter se merit will be determined in order of preference as under

  • Candidates obtaining higher aggregate marks in all the MBBS/BDS Professional Examinations.
  • In case there is still a tie, according to age, the older candidate shall get preference over the younger one.

Method of Counseling

  • All the selected candidates are advised to download their counseling call letter (with Appendix I & II) from the AIIMS, New Delhi website
  • In each category the number of candidates call for counseling will be 8 times the number of seats. The order of counseling will be General/50% AIIMS preferential candidates of total MBBS seats of AIIMS/ST/SC/OBC. The counseling will be done strictly by combined merit list starting from Rank No.1. The candidates in order of merit will exercise their choice of subject according to availability of seats. In case of absentee, the next candidate in merit will be considered. When a reserved category candidate (who is in combined merit list) is called according to combined merit list, he/she will simultaneously be given an option to exercise his/her choice of subject both in unreserved category and his/her concerned reserved category. If such a candidate opts for the subject which is available at the time of his/her counseling, both in unreserved category and reserved category, he/she will be given seat only from unreserved category as he/she is in merit and will be treated as unreserved candidate and will consume an unreserved seat. He/she will be given the reserved seat only when his/her choice of the subject is available in the reserved category only, not in unreserved category and then will consume a reserved seat. When all the seats of unreserved category are finished then only counseling for reserved category will be conducted.

Counseling will be held as per schedule given under “IMPORTANT DATES AT A GLANCE”.

  • In case, during the open selection any ST seat remains vacant (after calling all eligible candidates of ST category) then this seat will be made available to the eligible SC category candidate and vice versa and even after doing this, if any, SC/ST seat remains vacant (after calling all eligible candidates of SC/ST category) then this vacant seat shall be made available to the eligible General Category candidate. Similarly, in case the OBC seat remains vacant after calling all eligible OBC candidates then this vacant OBC seat shall be made available to the eligible General Category candidate.

2. All the candidates must bring the original certificates i.e. “Date of birth (matriculation certificate), proof of belonging to SC/ST/OBC (if applicable), MBBS/BDS mark sheets (including separate mark sheet for each of the professional examinations), Degree, Internship Completion Certificate, Permanent Medical Registration Certificate etc.”

  • Candidate will have the right to choose any one of available seats in the discipline of his/her choice at his/her turn as per merit at the time of counseling and confirmed seat will be allotted to him/her after submission of requisite undertaking that he/she has not already done or pursuing MD/MS/MDS course in any subject at the time of counseling. However, if a seat opted by candidate is not available at his/her rank/turn then he/she can choose another subject provisionally and his provisional seat or seat available at his/her turn will be confirmed only in the second counseling.
  • All the candidates who have been allotted confirmed seat during 1st counseling shall deposit fee and after getting themselves medically examined by a Medical Board constituted by the Institute, they will join the course. If they fail to deposit fee/join after depositing fee then they would lose to them and the seat allotted such candidates will not be eligible for 2nd counseling.
  • Any candidate (Indian citizen) who has taken admission elsewhere in India & Abroad and have deposited all his/her original certificates with that concerned College/ Institution will be allowed to attend the first counseling at AIIMS subject to the condition that he/she provides the documentary evidence from the said College regarding deposition of documents in that College. A seat purely on provisional basis will be offered to him/her depending upon the availability of a seat at his/her rank and the choice exercised by the candidate. A confirmed PG seat during the 2nd counseling will only be allotted to such candidate after submission of requisite undertaking as mentioned in preceding Para, resignation acceptance letter/order issued by that college/Institute and after depositing all original certificates.
  • In case due to unavoidable circumstances any candidate is not in a position to appear in person on the notified date of 1st counseling, his/her authorized representative with an Undertaking and Authority letter for allotment (Proforma for Undertaking and Authority Letter as per Appendix-I & II of call letter) may participate along with original documents/production of documentary evidence from the college about retaining of original documents by that college/institute, if candidate has taken admission elsewhere. In such cases, a seat will be offered purely on provisional basis at his/her turn and same will be confirmed only if candidate attends 2nd counseling himself/herself and submits requisite undertaking, produces the resignation acceptance letter/order issued by that college/Institute (if applicable) and deposits all original certificates.
  • If the candidate/authorized representative of candidate fails to report in 1st counseling then his/her candidature will not be considered for 2nd Counseling.
  • Candidates or their authorized representatives participating in the counseling process are required to maintain proper decorum/discipline at the time of counseling.
  • In case of any dispute arising out of the allocation of a seat at the time of counseling. The decision of the Chairperson of the Counseling Committee will be final.
  • All disputes pertaining to the conduct of the examination by the AIIMS, and the allocation of seats in various subjects by counseling will be subject to the jurisdiction in the High Court of Delhi.
  • The selected candidates shall undergo a medical examination by the Board appointed by the Institute and if found medically fit will join the course on 1st July, 2016 after depositing the requisite fee. They shall forfeit all their claims to the PG seats if they do not join by 31st July, 2016 and fee deposited by them will not be refunded. No candidate, in any circumstances, shall be allowed to join after 31st July, 2016.

While reporting for admission, candidates must bring all the relevant certificates/documents, in original. These original documents will be kept with the institute till his/her completion of the course.

  • No TA/DA will be paid by the Institute to the candidate for appearing in entrance examination and for attending the counseling/joining the course.


  • Please note that the candidates who have already done/pursuing MD/MS/MDS in any subject at the time of counseling shall not be considered for admission to MD/MS/MDS courses, if it is found at a later stage that the candidate has given false undertaking at the time of counseling, his/her candidature/registration will be cancelled. The confirmed PG seat will be allotted to the candidates only after giving an undertaking as above and after depositing all original certificates.
  • The candidate who will confirm seat during counseling will have to go through biometric verification. In addition to that biometric verification will also be done at the time of joining.
  • In case there is any doubt about identity during such verification, such candidates will be allowed to participate in counseling provisionally.
  • These candidates (who are allowed to appear provisionally) will have to give undertaking in the prescribed proforma and will present themselves before counseling Committee on the next day of Counseling at 11:00 AM in Dean’s Committee Room where decision about their candidature will be made. If such candidate(c) fail to appear before this committee, he/she will be considered ineligible for next round of counseling and seat allotted to him/her will be released during next round of counseling.
  • No claim whatsoever of candidates will be entertained if he/she fails to present before counseling committee on next day at 11:00 AM in Dean’s Committee Room.

Allocation of Seats

  • First Counseling to be held on 06.06.2016 (Monday)
  • The order of counseling will be General/50% AIIMS preferential candidates of total MBBS seats of AIIMS/ST/SC/OBC.

b) Group 1- Confirmed seats: A candidate who has got a confirmed seat in the subject of his/her choice, will not be allowed to change the subject and will not be eligible for the second counseling.

c) Group 2- If a candidate wants subject ‘A’ and it is not available at his/her rank/turn then he/she can choose subject ‘B’ provisionally. His/her provisional seat or available any seat at his/her turn will be confirmed only in the second counseling.

d) Group 3- A candidate, who does not take any seat provisionally but wants to come for the second counseling will be eligible for second counseling.

e) All candidates in group 1 (confirmed seat) shall deposit fees as per the date stipulated in the selection letter. If they fail to deposit fees, and/or do not join after depositing the fees then they would lose the seat allotted to them and such candidates will not be eligible for second counseling.

f) In case due to unavoidable circumstance any candidate is not in a position to appear in person on the notified date of 1st counseling, his/her authorized representative with an Undertaking and Authority Letter for allotment (Proforma for Undertaking and Authority Letter as per Appendix-I & II of Call Letter) may participate along with original documents for verification or as mentioned in the Clause E(3) above. In such cases, a seat will be offered purely on provisional basis at his/her turn.

Second Counseling to be held on 13.06.2016 (Monday)

a) The order of the second counseling will be General/50% AIIMS preferential candidates of total MBBS seats of AIIMS/ST/SC/OBC.

b) Candidates who had opted seats provisionally under group 2 will be allotted a confirmed seat only in those subject which they had provisionally opted in the first counseling and/or the subjects which are available at his/her turn as per merit during the 2nd counseling.

c) Group 2 and 3 from first counseling will be eligible to attend the second counseling as specified in clauses F (c) & (d).

d) A candidate belonging to group 2 would lose the seat allotted provisionally in the first counseling, if he/she does not attend the second counseling.

e) In the second counseling, all the seats will be confirmed seats.

  • Open Counselling to be held on 25.07.2016 (Monday)
  • There will be Open Counselling for the seats that remain vacant after 2nd Counseling.
  • In addition to that any seat vacated by the candidate, who had been allotted confirmed seat in 1st/2nd counseling, by way of surrender resignation/cancellation/mismatch of biometric verification etc. by 1:00 PM on 19th July, 2016 (Tuesday) will be included in the vacant seats available as mentioned in the preceding point for Open Counselling. The final list of all the vacant seats including seats vacated as mentioned above will be displayed on AIIMS website by 5:00 PM on 19th July, 2016 (Tuesday).
  • Any seat failing vacant after 01:00 PM on 19th July, 2016 will be advertised in the next session i.e. January, 2017
  • The candidates who are interested in attending open counselling on the scheduled date will be required to register themselves online for Open Counselling on the AIIMS website The online registration will open on 20.07.2016 at 10:00 A.M. and close on 22.07.2016 at 5:00 P.M. & on the day of counseling they will have to produce printout of the slip issued to them at the time of online registration for open counselling alongwith all original certificates of qualification.

Note : 1. Candidates will not be allowed to attend open counselling without the production of print out of registration Slip issued for open counselling at the time of online registration.

Candidate applying under OBC category must possess valid caste certificate issued within last one year by the competent authority & before the date of first counseling. The certificate must be valid for admission in Central Govt. Institution. Date of validity of certificate shall be considered as 05.06.2016 (one day prior the 1st Counseling).